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Ocular migraines are a type of a headache that occurs when the blood supply to the eyeballs is restricted, sometimes due to the constricting of the blood vessels or from a blood clot. This can be extremely painful around the eyes and in the front of the head, but normally it will only last up to 5 minutes long. While this is a short time span compared to other types of migraines, it can be devastating for the sufferer to experience regularly. To limit the occurrence of even having one, first learn the causes and the ocular migraine triggers.

Ocular Migraine Triggers and Treatment

Common symptoms of ocular migraine aura are blurred vision, double vision, seeing spots, flashing lights in your vision, and sometimes partial or full vision loss. These symptoms accompanied by headache pain in and around the eyes are common for ocular migraines. Sufferers should be aware of the difference between having an ocular migraine and having a stroke since both have symptoms that affect eyesight. Learn more on ocular migraine treatment.

There are a variety of triggers that can cause an ocular migraine. For those who have eye sensitivity to light, direct sunlight exposure can lead to a migraine. Obviously, the best solution is to prevent direct sunlight from getting in your eyes by wearing tinted prescription glasses or regular sunglasses when you go outside.


For some, there are triggers in their lifestyle that can cause a migraine. Excessive smoking can lead to all types of migraines because the nicotine in cigarettes is a vasoactive substance(1). This means that when you smoke, the nicotine causes the blood vessels to constrict and change in size, potentially restricting blood supply to the brain and eyeballs. If you are a regular smoker, the simple act of reducing the number of cigarettes you smoke every day could impact your frequency and intensity of migraines.

Other ocular migraine triggers include constant stress, low blood pressure, and dehydration. These triggers can all be avoided by leading a healthier lifestyle. Practice de-stressing techniques to relax your body. Ensure your diet is balanced and you are getting the nutrients you need. Drink water all the time- 8 cups a day. Go for regular checkups with your doctor to monitor your blood presure and learn the best solutions to elevate it. You should also discuss the current medications you are taking with your doctor to know if they might be causing your migraines.

In some people, exercise and abrupt movements can cause an ocular migraine because tensing your body (lifting heavy weights or moving boxes, for example) can cause a spasm in the artery that supplies blood to the eyes. Although this is hard to avoid, knowing which exercises consistently lead to a migraine can allow you to avoid those movements.

Interrupt Daily Functions

While ocular migraines aren’t as intense in longevity as other types of migraines, they still interrupt your daily function and routines. Sufferers know all to well the inconvenience of having to pause life because they’re having an ocular migraine. The best way to prevent ocular migraine triggers from occurring is to understand your personal causes and learn how to work around them. Every person is different and can have different triggers; it’s important to understand your body and to know how it reacts to different actions and environments.

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Sometimes ocular migraine aura triggers may occur, when this happens you have different symptoms migraine aura causes that you need to know about.