Did you know that every 10 seconds, someone goes to the emergency room over a migraine? With 90% of all migraines being debilitating and seriously affecting work, it is no wonder that organizations like the American Migraine Foundation(1) are keen on getting the word out. What helps make life possible for many people who suffer from persistent migraines is medications for migraines.
Let’s take a moment to review the over the counter as well as the prescribed medications for migraines and see how their approaches differ in terms of care.
Medications For Migraines: Over The Counter
Typically, over the counter medications for migraines treat the symptoms as opposed to the direct causes of migraines. There are many pain relief medications and migraine medication specifically tailored towards the particular kind of pain many people with migraines experience. While not the best migraine treatments out there, things like ibuprofen can help. In addition to medications for migraines you can buy in a drug store, you may also want to consider home natural remedies for migraine treatments . While less effective in general than what you can buy over the counter, they include a range of possible migraine category solutions that do not involve taking medications for migraines and can be made from things around the house.
Prescribed Medication for Migraines
There are several targeted medications for migraines that target the underlying cause. For example, individuals who are suffering from seizures and having resulting migraines from those are given anticonvulsant drugs like Gabapentin, topiramate, and valproic acid. Prescribed medication for migraines caused by muscles tension issues can be approached with things like baclofen and tizanidine. If depression is a potential cause of migraines (stress or anxiety related), then medications for migraines include a wide range of SSRIs(3) like fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, and paroxetine.
There are a few other situations where medications for migraines exist through prescriptions. One of them is for those who suffer from Cervicogenic Headache. They are designed to aid in the pre and post operation recovery. Individuals who suffer from migraines caused by allergies will often get specific migraine medication that helps to target the underlying cause of their migraines.
Putting It All Together
As you can see above, migraine treatments can be highly specific and directed towards solving the underlying cause, or general and be used to treat the symptoms of the migraines themselves. Typically, people combine medications for migraines with medications for the symptoms to help provide the greatest relief from the pain. Every year, the available medications continue to increase, as drug companies continue to work on new treatment types.
Note that the cost for migraine medications can be highly variable and depend on a lot more on the provider and whether or not a generic version of the medication is available yet. If you have any questions or concerns regarding which medications are right for your migraines, then consider seeing your doctor. Their professional experience will help diagnose and find the right medications for migraines that you are facing.