Understanding why you are having headache pain in specific locations can allow you to choose the best possible treatment, learn more about headache locations. Although headaches are incredibly common, sometimes they can be a symptom of another condition, and therefore should be taken seriously.
Your sinuses are the air-filled pockets around the bridge of your nose and in your lower forehead. When your headache pain is located here, it’s likely due to a sinus infection or allergies. Sinus infections occur when bacteria or a virus enter the nasal cavity. Your sinuses swell as the white blood cells try to protect your body from the intruder; this swelling causes pressure in the face. Sinus headaches from allergies are similar in reaction, except they’re caused by a triggering allergen in your environment.
Cluster headaches are located around the eyes and temples, usually on one side of the face. Sufferers often describe the pain as sharp and intense, and they can last from weeks to months at a time. While the definitive causes aren’t known, many believe they are caused by excessive alcohol consumption, excessive smoking, and stress. Treatment can vary from over-the-counter medicine to requiring testing by a physician for the more intense headaches.
Headaches that occur at the top of the skull and towards the back of the head are usually caused by strain in the neck and back. Specifically, when there’s a problem in the upper cervical spine segments, the brain can interpret that pain in unrelated locations. There could be dysfunctioning nerves or muscles in the upper back and neck causing pain, but the brain is translating that information into a pain in the head. When your headache is centralized here, you should have a physician assess your spine, and neck and back muscles, for trauma or strain.
Headaches that stretch across the forehead and sometimes behind the eyes are due to tension in the eye muscles and muscle strain around the neck. The pain can be dull and nagging, sometimes lasting up to 7 days long. Natural remedies for tension headaches include ensuring you’re getting enough sleep, correcting bad posture, and wearing adequate eyewear. There are also over-the-counter and prescriptive medicines available from a physician.
Migraines are an especially aggressive type of a headache that includes additional symptoms like nausea and vomiting. The pain usually occurs on one side of the head and can become so unbearable that emergency medical treatment is required. Migraines are often hereditary but can be triggered by the weather, stress, and hormonal changes. There are preventative treatments for repeat sufferers that often involve a combination of acupuncture, massage therapy, and medication.
The TMJ(1) (or temporomandibular joint) is the part of your jaw that connects to the skull. When there is strain or trauma to the TMJ, it can result in serious pain and limit the movement of the jaw. Some common causes are grinding the teeth, arthritis, or blunt trauma that causes the TMJ to dislocate from the skull. When the pain in your TMJ restricts movement or the pain is simply unbearable, your physician will likely recommend pain medication and physical therapy. In severe cases, surgery is required.
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